Discuz! Board

?找回密码
?立即注册
搜索
热搜: 活动 交友 discuz
查看: 26|回复: 0
打印 上一主题 下一主题

英语副词just和justly的区别 just不仅仅是副词还是形容词

[复制链接]

83

主题

102

帖子

569

积分

超级版主

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
569
跳转到指定楼层
楼主
发表于 4?天前 | 只看该作者 回帖奖励 |倒序浏览 |阅读模式
just和justly的区别比较容易掌握,just主要用法是副词,有时也用做形容词,而justly就是由形容词的just变来的:0 t% g# r: e& a# E) a# [0 {
just 作副词常表示强调,意为“就在、正好、正要、刚才”,它常放在所强调或修饰的词前。同义词有exactly, only, only a short time ago, at this time or at that moment,
+ `5 v5 F. a% l) y1 W. Y/ R--He is just a child.% x8 Q1 k, B% Q??R
--He lives just round the corner.
, `/ ???R# _6 O" Ujustly 意为“正当地、公正地、有理由的”,可以理解为just作为形容词“正义的,公平的”变来的,可以放在动词后,也可放在过去分词或者形容词之前,相比来说,justly意义比较单一,用法也更简单。( X: m+ }; g1 d8 `0 l5 x??S
--He was treated justly
& m/ W6 O# M$ K7 e??v# T* C--He was justly punished for his crimes.
& g. B. m! ]9 T& K% t9 r) _# h--These men are criminals, but they must be dealt with justly. ; d- k. c9 u??p0 h: p4 ^, x1 V8 v
--an achievement of which we can be justly proud1 y, R" [2 a$ |: J& n

! {/ v0 @* g4 F6 z* i2 Mjust作为副词的更详细解释和用法:
7 s1 t3 _. Q: ?9 j??Jjust* t' G5 k( T/ S7 R
adverb
; u??K* M+ y1 m4 p' b1. ~ (like / what / as...) exactly
1 C& v, D% v$ M% _? ?正好;恰好:0 E2 s: L7 y% T. m& e
? ?This jacket is just my size. 6 E- \; v! h; f1 N3 k: Z5 F
? ?这件夹克正合我的尺码。 ( D/ `??M- c: |5 z, _, C
? ?This gadget is just the thing for getting those nails out.8 G9 q( ^4 q- i, }' H7 _5 Q2 t
? ?这小玩意儿用来起那些钉子正合适。
) _1 l# S( K1 x. u? ? Just my luck (= the sort of bad luck I usually have). The phone's not working.
) W3 H. a( l4 ^1 g0 d? ?我就是这么倒霉。电话又坏了。 6 A* v) p+ h* K
? ?You're just in time.
& u; Y# w, y$ t' O; A8 c? ?你来得正是时候。
+ N5 Z5 W8 [; ^: D' r- M9 f6 [$ J0 d? ?She looks just like her mother.
- A5 t) b$ K/ k# z& a? ?她看上去就像她母亲。
! z/ n' a+ W- t2 b; K" s! K? ?It's just what I wanted! * T4 R( x: u( }" Y9 t, k8 q% [, C5 c
? ?这正是我想要的! 2 P: X7 G( ]. }6 n
? ?It's just as I thought.
8 C. @2 F& \6 B) g% v+ `? ?我正是这样想的。 1 ]/ d??O$ T??l
? ?(BrE) It's just on six (= exactly one o'clock).: p% ?( X/ t8 U/ k; X# p- o# F
? ?现在六点整。
' i5 c* t. c??W$ w9 v$ G" S* X6 X2. ~ as... at the same moment as
* Y# m* j+ s7 q: A/ E: A. Z? ?正当…时:8 ?5 \# n$ {2 C7 \+ F% B
? ?The clock struck one just as I arrived.
: z??f9 V( L) T? ?我到达时,时钟正敲六点。 * ~8 E/ j" z1 d) V
3. ~ as good, nice, easily, etc. no less than; equally/ R" R8 M7 ~2 k/ b# e
? ?不少于;同样:3 s6 n- ~# N! ]??F% l
? ?She's just as smart as her sister. ; L" G5 A; D0 y2 r3 A- y3 c0 m
? ?她与她姐姐一样聪明。 5 e% s0 E9 {1 }2 w8 {- z3 e
? ?You can get there just as cheaply by plane. : P1 k: ?/ h??P
? ?你坐飞机到那儿同样便宜。
; e0 ?( A+ I2 g6 i! b9 [" R) ^6 t) P8 T4. (only) ~ | ~ after, before, under, etc. sth by a small amount
' A7 l" B0 p9 N1 G" T7 Z; Y. W3 Z? ?刚好;差一点就不;勉强:; w/ p3 e, c2 a
? ?I got here just after nine. 2 J7 s1 ~# B" ?/ R5 U
? ?我到达这里时刚过九点。
( Q4 c/ u; b- n( K+ L8 q6 p1 R8 R? ?I only just caught the train.
. I4 e/ O/ K4 Q% H- `5 ?? ?我差一点没赶上火车。 % E4 f1 ~- A1 R! J6 @??g
? ?Inflation fell to just over 4 per cent. 4 b( ~. Q6 O8 a! ^; ?' {* ^0 u: A
? ?通货膨胀降至 4% 多一点。
/ _2 Y% F2 J* Q3 z' U( J4 h( K* h8 Y5. used to say that you / sb did sth very recently+ e5 h1 n/ T, M# }! i
? ?刚才;方才:
# @0 L- e$ b/ a: n? ?I've just heard the news. ! ~9 D: w/ D6 `
? ?我刚听到这个消息。
% t" ^1 q??z??J# {? ?When you arrived he had only just left.
- y! \1 {8 u5 M/ {? ?你到时他刚走。 % V8 _% T??r+ t
? ?She has just been telling us about her trip to Rome.
??D# {! s4 L( I! G2 O; B? ?她刚才一直在给我们讲她的罗马之行。
4 _. ?0 C1 k( g% k; ]/ N1 J& S? ?(especially NAmE) I just saw him a moment ago. " r& J; X( q: ~, k* n
? ?我刚才还见到过他。 9 L( T' [# }: V4 L- k( O7 u$ I
6. at this / that moment; now
5 W. L8 Q# |) G, D? ?此时;那时;眼下;现在:
+ g9 K: g0 F??g? ?I'm just finishing my book. 7 [! g* a+ i. U2 ?6 a9 u??v2 o
? ?眼下我正在完成我的一本书。
' V$ U, a0 h??s9 O9 M8 t? ?I was just beginning to enjoy myself when we had to leave. 1 v???8 K1 u. e) g. [' X3 R
? ?我刚开始玩得起劲我们就得离开了。
# ]??W5 k; m( Y' c7 T3 b? ?I'm just off (= I am leaving now).
* z- ]??d& X' B" N% |? ?我要走了。
6 U4 R7 T4 V; y! d# O7. ~ about / going to do sth going to do sth only a few moments from now or then
0 l& d0 y- w2 `/ X+ [? ?正要;正准备;马上就要:
; J( z3 b6 O8 u6 h8 V? ?The water's just about to boil.
, S9 L1 X) C# T$ e? ?水马上就要开了。 3 T+ @9 F2 j& D5 @( v
? ?I was just going to tell you when you interrupted.
* C??a) H) Y$ Q5 @7 x? ?我正准备告诉你,你突然把话打断了。 5 b2 ?- D) g# o
8. simply! Z, q3 J9 A, e2 h- x4 ?8 U8 Z
? ?只是;仅仅是:0 d8 U0 n) K% T8 I; d
? ?It was just an ordinary day. 9 n6 C# @: [8 x. O" k8 {7 ~
? ?那只是普普通通的一天。
$ {! m) s' ~- |8 L, N? ?I can't just drop all my commitments.7 t* M- y/ b0 @$ `" \
? ?我答应要干的事可不能都不干了。
% H0 R??r8 c, F- Y# o% ?0 O$ E" z. _* d? ?This essay is just not good enough.$ M* ?; V% s% [0 I
? ?这篇散文实在是不够好。 + M7 T0 E" J, v1 C, u) l8 P
? ?I didn't mean to upset you. It's just that I had to tell somebody.& U, ]' K7 n??j$ F: t8 k: T$ v' @??[
? ?我本不想烦你,只是我非得找个人说说。 , Q/ v$ N7 P7 A3 M, C! ~' P
? ?This is not just another disaster movie—it's a masterpiece.) ]* P5 |6 |2 c2 ~1 W% N1 `
? ?不能说它只是另一部灾难片——它是一部杰作。
3 I% m" v( \7 J??u? ? Just because you're older than me doesn't mean you know everything.) L& {* }$ L* R" X3 s7 r
? ?你比我年长并不意味着你什么都知道。 9 f( t5 v# W; O# v: W* g
9. (informal) really; completely# D. {3 p8 v! v# `% S
? ?真正地;确实;完全:0 j6 E5 `6 u, K
? ?The food was just wonderful! 4 s! s' P??d+ ]5 a??m??K$ O
? ?那吃的实在是好极了! ' T# z/ t, l) }2 a% H
? ?I can just imagine his reaction. 0 i$ W??F6 E# V* C/ ?( [, e' D
? ?我完全可以想像出他的反应。
+ b$ C2 g) h: r0 K& f8 P; U8 L, {' k" f10. ~ (for sth) | ~ (to do sth) only??i0 b- _& B1 ]& {
? ?仅仅;只不过:: p* }2 E1 a+ w, b$ [
? ?I decided to learn Japanese just for fun.
) x1 ^: I: Q6 }? ?我决定学日语只是为了好玩。
2 v; r" r- ^; d( x0 f) h? ?I waited an hour just to see you. 8 Y6 e1 U0 K4 F2 B( S# W9 X
? ?我等了一个小时只是为了看看你。 6 p8 A% l8 g??`
? ?There is just six method that might work. ??y0 T' o/ X7 Q9 }. X+ ?% a
? ?只有一个方法可能起作用。 $ l; P2 s7 s4 f; P) x& p7 k) }* v# q
? ?'Can I help you?'??'No thanks, I'm just looking.' (= in a shop / store)
% ]7 O% Y$ K: z# {' N? ?我能为你做点什么? 不用,谢谢,我只是看看。
! v??K??f) N& l. w11. used in orders to get sb's attention, give permission, etc.0 T4 k. h, Z+ O/ q/ @; J2 m
? ?(引起注意、表示允许等)请,就:9 i. ^7 F. U& R: _
? ?Just listen to what I'm saying, will you!
) U0 O2 z# t, u" I- ?7 o) r! E? ?你就听我说好吗? % S/ m" X2 e! T+ H4 W4 g, u/ R
? ?Just help yourselves.
: _6 `0 k0 x5 x) Z" M+ i6 T* X? ?请大家随便吃。 / A( P$ X4 c8 K& K; O$ ?
12. used to make a polite request, excuse, etc., J2 E5 j! r3 F+ j/ V
? ?(提出请求、表示歉意等)请:
# o# n??_* ?) s- u) [4 T? ?Could you just help me with this box, please? ) ^& |% U6 F9 W6 p
? ?请帮我搬一搬这箱子好吗? - A, S' m5 i6 e( U1 z??_9 K, ?
? ?I've just got a few things to do first.
0 c% k- h. C5 A8 q$ W- U? ?对不起,我正好有点事要先做。
9 c% N7 ???h: L, H* |& A( \+ a13. could / might / may ~ used to show a slight possibility that sth is true or will happen
& }0 W7 z8 F0 X* }% \* ^? ?(表示稍有可能)可能,也许:
" f/ r) @3 y2 X1 |8 @? ?Try his home number—he might just be there.
$ S+ Y: w! s% K- b$ `??^? ?试试他家的号码——他也许在那儿。
% T3 d% S$ G: a) i??U9 v14. used to agree with sb
??Z0 a1 y# t- L) E? ?(表示赞同):
, ^1 s- ]$ q/ L? ?'He's very pompous.' 'Isn't he just?' 4 M' c3 Z5 \6 x7 k* \/ R
? ?"他很自负。" "可不是吗?"
& h6 @, H# P( f; k; q3 m" F IDIOMS
0 c5 Z; w2 s2 t' q??c? could / might just as well...
5 j- H5 l1 l; n: Q? ?used to say that you / sb would have been in the same position if you had done sth else, because you got little benefit or enjoyment from what you did do, j& q+ S: u# }0 o+ |5 g
? ?不如;还是…的好:4 C7 ~; d( L6 D* U& x9 a0 N
? ?The weather was so bad we might just as well have stayed at home. * s) H6 p* ]1 j9 f??g! j
? ?天气糟糕透了,还不如待在家里好。
2 C/ T2 G" s' ^$ I' {? it is just as 'well (that...) $ u) _: q5 Q/ d
? ?it is a good thing: d8 k" S& l7 H* z+ ]' }
? ?(…)还好,倒也不错,还可以:/ ?( D/ a9 l+ z; @
? ?It is just as well that we didn't leave any later or we'd have missed him. ??m* A1 k; V: l! d9 ^
? ?还好,我们没有晚些离开,要不然我们就见不到他了。
0 X% N6 `& g8 `) a! h; M? just about
% a9 U4 k% f5 p??N+ n* L( J: S4 d5 w1 u(informal)
1 ?2 c4 x" }. C1. almost; very nearly/ o, `+ L- e2 e0 i- c
? ?几乎;近乎;差不多:
( l. R4 \3 I4 \9 F5 F? ?I've met just about everyone. 3 P( D" x9 P7 E7 t5 |! V
? ?我几乎每个人都见到了。
( B; t3 X+ B$ q9 `? ?'Did you reach your sales target?' 'Just about.'
) ?0 w9 k5 a7 b??n+ f? ?"你的销售目标达到了吗?" "差不多了。"$ \- A7 ^+ O% `7 @
2. approximately
4 N. Q4 e9 ]3 Z5 |: J, A# m8 [% e? ?大概;大约:6 b, k5 B7 `: T$ m??t7 e" x7 t
? ?She should be arriving just about now. % o' |: O* M& ~& v
? ?她现在该到了。 ) h??V??]1 v* f2 {3 H
? just a 'minute / 'moment / 'second ) y0 H$ X% n) f
? ?(informal) used to ask sb to wait for a short time
4 v6 F! S' F; d5 G0 _6 J? ?稍等一会儿;请稍候:
9 ?) B4 |- a' v7 J0 j$ r0 K? ?'Is Mr Burns available?' 'Just a second, please, I'll check.'
??E0 Z8 P8 `) Q( X, l' a? ?"我可以见伯恩斯先生吗?" "请稍等一会儿,我来查一下。"
$ H2 y5 @0 P3 F4 c* y* }! v? just like 'that # N% g/ f' X* \9 P5 W
? ?suddenly, without warning or explanation2 L4 X0 I+ Q- ?! p
? ?(就是那样)突如其来,冷不防,不加解释
) ^% F. F8 v2 I6 {6 j? just 'now
" z1 u* U& P" b' z8 a1. at this moment
# C: H* X3 r0 i8 Y8 ~? ?此时;此刻;眼下:
2 j0 z. K/ s$ O??^. K+ L? ?Come and see me later—I'm busy just now. 0 n7 |7 S4 |3 L* K, t
? ?过些时候再来——我这会儿正忙着呢。 ! _3 ?4 x" }* F0 a# d( @. ]
2. during this present period7 ~0 Y8 b! N: `6 V; r
? ?目前;现阶段:& Q2 T/ C# H: d7 v( R
? ?Business is good just now. 8 q# V0 \" R. N
? ?目前生意很红火。 $ x8 c( ?" O, \/ P
3. only a short time ago
9 H! d2 k$ f; i? ?刚才;刚刚;一会儿前:
2 d! s% o' O6 f% i7 |8 d: [) N? ?I saw her just now. 5 Y( l. J% i/ r
? ?我刚刚见到过她。 ; Q3 m& N' a; V5 g' z1 X0 q0 p
4. (SAfrE, informal) later; in a short period of time
- J6 F0 A2 ]8 c2 i$ P( \* B4 z# Q? ?以后;一会儿后??H! o, d1 H+ ]% R
? just 'so
( ~$ X% k* {* E* d0 I" o1 [? ?done or arranged very accurately or carefully
9 s7 [9 e: s4 n0 f6 L5 ?) Q( q# h: ^? ?(做或安排得)井井有条,有条不紊:
2 f9 S" p9 {* B) U+ V7 x; J? ?He liked polishing the furniture and making everything just so. ; `4 {# H/ \8 T5 ]1 x7 Z9 l
? ?他喜欢把家具擦得亮亮的,一切都安排得井井有条。 桐木舟学习时间donzh.com0 Q. l6 a. ^1 Q+ D0 m' _
? just 'then : k/ Z8 t- ^5 E* Q1 {0 _
? ?at that moment
0 ~( m# Q- {; c8 F7 E" O? ?那时;就在那时:
4 N8 n- |4 R2 a+ e! f7 J: c? ?Just then, someone knocked at the front door.
; z7 l, C' m( n3 L9 _? ?就在那时,大门口有人敲门。
) N- l0 ]: _3 g4 H0 U& B5 d? not just 'yet + V??~2 r??F7 v+ i/ S
? ?not now but probably quite soon* z$ c' b' w# o: s??C- X/ l, I
? ?这会儿还不;可能很快:
* q. f# m3 k7 U) [) ?6 b0 A* x2 m? ?I can't give you the money just yet. 1 Y7 g8 U4 S+ _( u5 Y7 H- _; E1 L
? ?我这会儿还不能给你钱。 ! a' A??F) e; i" h& f
? I, etc. would just as soon do sth : f# ^( o) }' G' {. k& l
? ?used to say that you would equally well like to do sth as do sth else that has been suggested& h- m2 u' ~- W% Q
? ?乐意做某事(跟所建议的事一样):
1 ^' y3 H$ P+ a- E? ?I'd just as soon stay at home as go out tonight. . w1 p+ n; X3 i2 m: k; H( F
? ?今晚待在家里或出去我都乐意。 , B0 r* z9 u2 I2 [
/ s: i$ G??W8 m" ]
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

Archiver|手机版|小黑屋|英语学习donzh.com

GMT+8, 2019-11-3 09:38 , Processed in 0.428386 second(s), 21 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

? 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表